Chimera states in dual-delay systems depending on parameter $\Phi_0$ (see arxiv:1712.03283)

Delay Differential Equations

DDE package is a fast library written in Haskell that I have extracted after my PhD. Previously, my work involved a lot dynamical systems described by DDEs. I kept switching between several tools, still I had no fast and flexible library. So here is one now.

Below is an example of a dual-delay model taken from a recent publication. It is given by the following delay differential equation:

$$ \varepsilon \frac{dx(t)}{dt}+x(t)+\delta\cdot\intop_{t_{0}}^{t}x(\xi)d\xi = (1-\gamma)f\left(x_{\tau_{1}}\right)+\gamma f\left(x_{\tau_{2}}\right), $$

where $ \tau_2 = 100 \tau_1$ are delay times and $\Phi_0$ is a control parameter. Let us fix dynamics parameters $\varepsilon = 0.01$, $\delta = 0.009$, and $\gamma = 0.5$.

We transform the integro-differential equation into an equivalent system of equations:

$$\begin{aligned} \varepsilon \dot x &= -x -\delta\cdot y + (1-\gamma)f \left( x_{\tau_1} \right) + \gamma f \left( x_{\tau_2} \right),\\
\dot y &= x. \end{aligned} $$

Now, this system can be simply written in a vectorial (V2) form:

-- Equation right-hand side
rhs phi0 = DDE.RHS derivative
  where
    derivative ((V2 x y), (DDE.Hist histSnapshots), _) = V2 x' y'
      where
        -- DDE Eq. (4) from arXiv:1712.03283
        x' = (-x - delta * y + (1 - gamma) * f x_tau1 + gamma * f x_tau2) / epsilon
        y' = x

        f = airy phi0

        -- Delay terms where tau2 / tau1 = 100
        (V2 x_tau1 _):(V2 x_tau2 _):_ = histSnapshots

        -- Constants
        epsilon = 0.01
        gamma = 0.5
        delta = 0.009

We define the nonlinear Airy function $f(x) = \beta [1 + m \sin^2(x + \Phi_0)]^{-1}$, $\beta = 1.6$, $m = 50$ as follows:

airy phi0 x = beta / (1 + m * (sin (x + phi0))^2)
  where
    m = 50
    beta = 1.6

The complete model is available here.

Publications

. Spatio-temporal complexity in dual delay nonlinear laser dynamics: chimeras and dissipative solitons. Submitted, 2018.

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