Deep Learning

Making Your Self-Driving Robot

We will build an autonomous robot. Captured by robot's camera, video stream will be analyzed by a neural network. The network will be running on the onboard Raspberry Pi that will steer the robot. Before you start with the project, I want you to answer two questions. First, how everything will be attached mechanically? Second, what will be the energy source? While your autonomous robot can work from a cardboard box, having a mechanically sound chassis will greatly improve the result on the AI training stage.

In-Memory Resistive RAM Implementation of Binarized Neural Networks for Medical Applications

The advent of deep learning has considerably accelerated machine learning development. The deployment of deep neural networks at the edge is however limited by their high memory and energy consumption requirements. With new memory technology …

Day 6: Saving Energy with Binarized Neural Networks

Last week Apple has acquired XNOR.ai startup for amazing $200 million. The startup is known for promoting binarized neural network algorithms to save the energy and computational resources. That is definitely a way to go for mobile devices, and Apple just acknowledged that it is a great deal for them too. I feel now is a good time to explain what binarized neural networks are so that you can better appreciate their value for the industry.

Digital Biologically Plausible Implementation of Binarized Neural Networks with Differential Hafnium Oxide Resistive Memory Arrays

The brain performs intelligent tasks with extremely low energy consumption. This work takes its inspiration from two strategies used by the brain to achieve this energy efficiency: the absence of separation between computing and memory functions and …

Day 5: Convolutional Neural Networks Tutorial

Today we will talk about one of the most important deep learning architectures, the "master algorithm" in computer vision. That is how François Chollet, author of Keras, calls convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Convolutional network is an architecture that, like other artificial neural networks, has a neuron as its core building block. It is also differentiable, so the network is conveniently trained via backpropagation. The distinctive feature of CNNs, however, is the connection topology, resulting in sparsely connected convolutional layers with neurons sharing their weights.

Medical Applications of Low Precision Neuromorphic Systems

The advent of deep learning has substantially accelerated machine learning development during the last decade impacting computer vision, natural language processing, and other domains. However, those deep learning implementations require almost two orders of magnitude more power compared to the human brain, requiring thus constant connection to dedicated data centers. With new memories available, emerging Binarized Neural Networks (BNNs) are promising to reduce the energy impact of the forthcoming machine learning hardware generation, enabling machine learning on the edge devices and avoiding data transfer over the network.

Coupled Nonlinear Delay Systems As Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Neural networks are currently transforming the field of computer algorithms, yet their emulation on current computing substrates is highly inefficient. Reservoir computing was successfully implemented on a large variety of substrates and gave new …

Day 4: The Importance Of Batch Normalization

Which purpose do neural networks serve for? Neural networks are learnable models. Their ultimate goal is to approach or even surpass human cognitive abilities. As Richard Sutton puts it, 'The biggest lesson that can be read from 70 years of AI research is that general methods that leverage computation are ultimately the most effective'. In his essay, Sutton argues that only models without encoded human-knowledge can outperform human-centeric approaches. Indeed, neural networks are general enough and they leverage computation.

Stochastic Computing for Hardware Implementation of Binarized Neural Networks

Binarized Neural Networks, a recently discovered class of neural networks with minimal memory requirements and no reliance on multiplication, are a fantastic opportunity for the realization of compact and energy efficient inference hardware. However, …

Coupled Delay Systems For Brain-Inspired Computing

Neural networks are transforming the field of computer algorithms, yet their emulation on current computing substrates is highly inefficient. Reservoir computing was successfully implemented on a large variety of substrates and gave new insight in …